Survey responses from a nationally representative group of 800,000 US adults were used to examine changes in heroin use, heroin injection and heroin use disorder from 2002 to 2018.
A new study shows that just having a parent with an alcohol use disorder affects how your brain transitions between active and resting states -- regardless of your own drinking habits.
Results from this study, recently published online in Addiction, found providing smokers with a free, two week starter kit of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) increased quit attempts, use of stop smoking medications, and smoking abstinence as compared with standard care in a primary care setting.
Few cannabis consumers understand what the THC numbers on packages of cannabis edibles really mean, according to a new University of Waterloo study. The study, which surveyed nearly 1,000 Canadians aged 16 to 30, found that most consumers could not identify whether a cannabis edible contained 'low' or 'high' levels of THC based on the label.
The study conducted in rodents reveals a specific mechanism in this crucial cortical circuit for food addiction that involves a loss of control over intake.
A new study from researchers at Penn's Annenberg School for Communication found that most people, smokers and non-smokers alike, were nowhere near accurate in their answers to questions about smoking's health effects. But critically, the study found a way to help people be more accurate: discussing their ideas with other people.
Rural areas have been hit hard by the opioid crisis, but few studies have been done to understand how to improve access to treatment and reduce the overdose death rate in these communities, according to a new study by Rutgers University, the University of Michigan, and Wayne State University.
Researchers from the Department of Veterans Affairs and three universities looked at prescribing data on more than 50,000 VA patients taking opioids and found that increased doses did not improve pain control.
The abuse of prescription and illegal opioids, such as morphine and heroin, is a major problem in the US, with devastating public health, economic and social consequences. That's why scientists are searching for new medicines to help break the cycle of addiction. Now, researchers reporting in ACS' Journal of Medicinal Chemistry have re-engineered the structure of vincamine, a plant-derived compound, so that it reduces morphine-seeking behaviors in mice.
Children diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) -- caused by prenatal alcohol exposure -- often face lifelong developmental, cognitive and behavioral problems. But the children are not the only ones who struggle; often their parents and caretakers do, too. A new study by University of Rochester researchers examines how FASD caregivers' perceived confidence in and the frequency of self-care is related to stress, parenting attitudes, and family needs.