New research led by scientists at the University of California, Irvine and Boston University, published in Nature Climate Change, suggests that new green biomass in the Arctic is not as large a carbon sink as scientists had hoped.
Cambridge plant scientists say circadian clock genes, which enable plants to measure daily and seasonal rhythms, should be targeted in agriculture and crop breeding for higher yields and more sustainable farming.
Expanding the study of prehistoric permafrost thawing to North America, researchers found evidence in mineral deposits from caves in Canada that permafrost thawing took place as recently as 400,000 years ago, in temperatures not much warmer than today. But they did not find evidence the thawing caused the release of predicted levels of carbon dioxide stored in the frozen terrain.
Earth's permafrost shifted to a more stable state in the last 400,000 years and has been less susceptible to thawing since then, according to a new study by MIT researchers and their colleagues.
Ignoring the signs of climate change will lead to unprecedented, societally disruptive heat extremes in the Middle East and North Africa. The results of the study published on Nature Climate Change with the contribution of the CMCC Foundation.
In the medium and long-term periods, climate shocks favoured cooperation among diverse groups of people. Indeed, by enlarging access to political and property rights, elites who had decision-making powers could work with other groups who held the skills and tools to overcome those crises
Entering Monday with some cool news: Researchers from Skoltech (Russia) and their colleagues from SINTEF (Norway) have developed a mathematical model of freezing water droplets moving in cold air. This model is a part of a joint RFBR-supported Russian-Norway research project. The project is focused on predicting ice accretion on ships and other offshore structures operating in the Arctic climate, which may interfere with their proper functioning and endanger crew members and cargo.
A new study led by University of Chicago planetary scientist Edwin Kite uses a computer model of Mars to put forth a promising explanation onto how Mars once contained rivers and lakes: Mars could have had a thin layer of icy, high-altitude clouds that caused a greenhouse effect.
To look inside a stalagmite is to look back in time tens of thousands of years to see how the Earth's climate patterns have shaped the world we live in today.
Researchers at the University of California, Irvine have analyzed CALFIRE wildfire statistics from 2000 to 2019, comparing them with data from 1920 to 1999, to learn that the annual burn season has lengthened in the past two decades and that the yearly peak has shifted from August to July. A new study on the subject was published today in Nature Scientific Reports.