It is time for the management and conservation of the Antarctic to begin focusing on responsibility, rather than rights, through an Indigenous Māori framework, a University of Otago academic argues.
The countries around the Baltic Sea do not respect their binding international agreement to reduce agricultural pollution of the marine environment. Despite farming activities being the single most important source of nutrient pollution to the Baltic Sea.
With the COP Climate conference in Glasgow only a few months away, the ambitions of the Paris Agreement and the importance of taking action at the national level to reach global climate goals is returning to the spotlight. IIASA researchers and colleagues have proposed a novel systematic and independent scenario framework that could help policymakers assess and compare climate policies and long-term strategies across countries to support coordinated global climate action.
If a ban were introduced on the sale of new petrol and diesel cars, and they were replaced by electric cars, the result would be a great reduction in carbon dioxide emissions. That is the finding of new research from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, looking at emissions from the entire life cycle - from manufacture of electric cars and batteries, to electricity used for operation.
How can the research community effectively contribute to the post-2020 climate policy scenario? GHG inventories represent essential links between science and policy-making, providing fundamental data to inform domestic and global actions on climate change. To be policy relevant, the research community should understand the set of rules established by UNFCCC and IPCC that these GHG inventories must follow. More importantly, the research and reporting communities should facilitate estimates comparability enhancing collaboration and communication, as highlights a study led by the CMCC Foundation.
Scientists, research organizations, and scientific journals have long relied upon the ISSCR Guidelines as the international standard for scientific and ethical rigor, oversight, and transparency in stem cell research.
Knowledge systems outside of those sanctioned by Western universities have often been marginalised or simply not engaged with in many science disciplines, but there are multiple examples where Western scientists have claimed discoveries for knowledge that resident experts already knew and shared. According to a new paper there are five interventions to build a more anti-oppressive and decolonial ecology.
Four years after unveiling a looming sand crisis, scientists focus on sand's sustainability implications and propose solutions to reduce impacts.
Do users, customers, employees, and others have a right to know how companies that use algorithms make their decisions? In a new analysis, researchers explore the moral and ethical foundations to such a right. They conclude that the right to such an explanation is a moral right, then address how companies might do so.
For decades, governments worldwide have invested great deals of legislation and resources in food safety, sanitation and drinking water quality for public health purposes.