Researchers from University of Louvain have discovered a new bacterium in the human intestine, they called Dysosmobacter welbionis. The UCLouvain scientists have also discovered positive effects of this bacterium on type 2 diabetes, obesity and inflammation. The originality of this discovery? It is extremely rare that a single research team identifies, cultivates, names a bacterium and then reveals its action in the human body, a first in Belgium and published in the prestigious journal Gut.
First genes linked to developmental coordination disorder. Discovery is the first step to understanding common childhood developmental condition.
For the first time, Australian scientists have confirmed a link between the role of regular fish oil to break down the ability of 'superbugs' to become resistant to antibiotics. The discovery, led by Flinders University and just published in international journal mBio, found that the antimicrobial powers of fish oil fatty acids could prove a simple and safe dietary supplement for people to take with antibiotics to make their fight against infection more effective.
With a new method that combines high-powered scanning force microscopes and machine learning, IBEC researchers have drastically reduced the processing time required to achieve nanoscale biochemical compositions map from electric images of eukaryotic cells in just seconds. Using earlier computation methods, processing one image could take even months. This study can provide an invaluable tool to biologists conducting basic research and it also has the potential to be used in a host of biomedical applications.
Researchers have shown that even after lung tissue has been damaged, it may be possible to reverse fibrosis and promote tissue repair through treatment with microgel-coated mesenchymal stromal cells.
"The manuscript offers a unique and timely perspective on plant diseases, particularly in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic," said David Schmale, a co-author on the paper and a professor in the Virginia Tech School of Plant and Environmental Sciences in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.
A multidisciplinary team led by researchers from the Spanish Research Council (CSIC) identifies the genomic cellular map associated with hippocampal sclerosis, a major histopathological condition of temporal lobe epilepsy. The study, published in Cell Reports, identifies cell-type specific transcriptional signatures of hyper-excitability and neurodegeneration, providing grounds for improved diagnosis.
Critically ill COVID-19 patients treated with non-altered stem cells from umbilical cord connective tissue were more than twice as likely to survive as those who did not have the treatment, according to a study published today in STEM CELLS Translational Medicine.
Scientists have published the first detailed atomic-level model of the SARS-CoV-2 "envelope" protein bound to a human protein essential for maintaining the lining of the lungs. The findings may speed the search for drugs to block the most severe effects of COVID-19.
Immune cells in the brain, microglia, increase in number when encountering amyloid -- proteins which cause Alzheimer's disease. This increase in number turns some microglia 'senescent,' meaning they cannot carry out their immune functions correctly. Senescent microglia in turn accelerate the accumulation of amyloid, the opposite of what they intend to do. Preventing the proliferation of immune cells impairs senescence. Preventing senescence can then reduce build-up of amyloid and cell damage in the brain.