Vitamin E is a strong antioxidant that could act as a sentinel in plants, sending molecular signs from chloroplast -- a cell organ -- to the nucleus under extreme environmental conditions. This is stated in an article published in the journal Trends in Plant Science by the experts Sergi Munné-Bosch and Paula Muñoz, from the Faculty of Biology of the University of Barcelona (UB).
Brazilian researchers calculated the amount of nutrients in sugarcane leaves, which are normally left on the ground after harvest, and the equivalent in fertilizer required to maintain crop yield if the straw is removed.
The University of Pittsburgh's James McKone's research on using renewable electricity for industrial hydrogenation reactions is featured in the Journal of Materials Chemistry A's Emerging Investigators special issue.
Tricking fungi into thinking they're starving could be the key to slowing down our evolutionary arms race with fungal pathogens, as hungry fungi don't want to have sex.
Introducing fungi to wheat boosted their uptake of key nutrients and could lead to new, 'climate smart' varieties of crops, according to a new study.
More than 150 top international scientists are calling on the world to take urgent action on nitrogen pollution, to tackle the widespread harm it is causing to humans, wildlife and the planet. The scientists are asking all countries 'to wake up to the challenge' of halving nitrogen waste from all sources globally by 2030.
Using the common fruit fly as a model, a research team led by UC Riverside scientists, studied how taste neurons control feeding behaviors and found that flies genetically modified to have only these neurons can avoid many aversive chemicals, such as bitter compounds, acids, and high concentrations of salt. The work extends scientists' understanding of the function of internal taste neurons present in organs in the pharynx toward ensuring that unpalatable foods are not consumed.
Chemists at Scripps Research have invented an efficient method for making a synthetic version of the plant compound bilobalide, which is naturally produced by gingko trees. It's a significant feat because bilobalide -- and closely related compounds -- hold potential commercial value as medicines and 'green' insecticides.
Scientists have put elite wheat varieties through a sort of 'Photosynthesis Olympics' to find which varieties have the best performing photosynthesis. This could ultimately help grain growers to get more yield for less inputs in the farm.
A team led by the University of Washington has developed a model that could help foresters predict which nonnative insect invasions will be most problematic. This could help managers decide where to allocate resources to avoid widespread tree death.