Conventional measures of innovation suggest that only big cities foster new ideas, but a more comprehensive measure developed at Penn State shows that innovation is widespread even in rural places not typically thought of as innovative.
Closing of local automotive assembly plants may lead to increases in deaths from opioid overdose, according to a study led by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the Massachusetts General Hospital. The findings highlight fading economic opportunity as a driving factor in the ongoing national opioid epidemic, and build on previous research that links declining participation in the labor force to increased opioid use in the U.S. The findings are published today in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Researchers at the UPV/EHU, Osakidetza and the Department of Health have reviewed scientific papers that analyse the relationship between socioeconomic inequalities and health among the elderly population in Spain. The results are useful in developing future studies and designing specific healthcare policies aimed at reducing these inequalities in health. The aspects that have been highlighted the most are educational attainment, the characteristics of the place of domicile and the previous occupation of the individuals.
Researchers from Aarhus University and Nanjing University have shown that cultural evolution overshadowed climate change in driving historical broad-scale megafauna dynamics across China. By mining Chinese administrative records for data on species distributions and land use alongside climate data from 2 to 1953 CE, the researchers identified the millennia-long spread of agriculture and agricultural intensification as the main cause of the extirpation of the Asiatic elephant, Asian rhinoceroses, tiger, Asiatic black bear, and brown bear.
As households gain access to electricity, gender inequality persists in how energy is used. New research from Carnegie Mellon University examines the link between the sustainable development goals of energy access and gender equality.
If you have the money, what could be wrong about purchasing a Swiss watch or an Italian sports car? It turns out, luxury goods don't always represent "feel good" purchases for the buyer. Some luxury consumers worry that they may not deserve these items and their actions have been inauthentic. These feelings represent what researchers are calling the "impostor syndrome from luxury consumption," according to a new report.
Lowering exposure to allergens from mice may lead to improved lung growth for children with asthma living in low-income neighborhoods, helping them avoid lung ailments and possibly live longer, according to newly published research in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
The very nature of online banking is the cause of the reticence of the over-55s to use it as they do not feel comfortable navigating the 'digital world'. To combat this situation, the experts recommend developing more intuitive applications with appropriate signposting and instructions to help avoid errors.
Whether children will enjoy academic success can be now predicted at birth, a new study suggests. The study, led by the University of York, found that parents' socioeconomic status and children's inherited DNA differences are powerful predictors of educational achievement.
People who live in areas of higher than average deprivation are more likely to be admitted to hospital and to spend longer in hospital, according to new research from the University of Cambridge. The difference was particularly pronounced among manual workers and those with lower education level.