Despite all the advances in medicine, some basic questions remain. For example, people cannot be told with any certainty how long they'll live. Nor can it be predicted exactly when a woman's childbearing years will end. However, a new study offers insights into factors that might predict a woman's age at natural menopause. Study results are published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS).
COVID-19 and hemorrhagic stroke are a deadly combination, increasing the risk of death up to 2.4 times among patients who have this pairing compared to those who only had hemorrhagic strokes, according to a nationwide study led by University of Utah Health scientists. Patients who survived had longer hospital stays, more medical complications, and less favorable outcomes than those who did not have both conditions.
UK adults who are overweight or obese retain their weight over time, which is associated with an increased risk of health complications and death, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Public Health.
People who have recovered from COVID-19, especially those with pre-existing cardiovascular conditions, may be at risk of developing blood clots due to a lingering and overactive immune response, according to a study led by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU) scientists.
A study investigating a consecutive series of 230 patients with premature onset of heart attacks, strokes, angina or peripheral artery disease and a comparison group shows that family history of early onset cardiac events is a major and independent risk factor in close relatives. Patients with a positive parental or sibling history of premature cardiac events require even more aggressive therapeutic lifestyle changes as well as adjunctive drug therapies of proven benefit.
Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU) researchers prepared a nanomicelle delivery system to transport BDNF mRNA to the site of ischemic injury. The nanomicelle successfully produced BDNF and prevented the death of neurons when dosed 2 days after ischemia in rats. Long-term experiments showed significant improvements in memory compared with untreated rats. The findings are expected to extend the potential treatment window for preventing neuronal death after ischemic attack, and significantly improve outcomes for patients.
Heart failure and stroke are unusual diagnoses among younger people. But they are now clearly on the rise in men below the age of 40, according to a University of Gothenburg study. The scientists have found links to obesity and low fitness in the upper teens.
Researchers from the University College London and the Inselspital, University Hospital Bern have clarified the role of anticoagulation in intracerebral haemorrhages in two coupled studies. The team of David Werring and David Seiffge succeeded in establishing cerebral small vessel disease as the most probable cause. Prevention of cerebral haemorrhages to focus on detection and treatment of small vessel disease. Re-establishing anticoagulation after intracerebral haemorrhage to protect against ischaemic stroke is now investigated.
A new study finds comfort care, including palliative care and hospice care, can improve quality of life in hospitalized stroke patients. Although comfort care for stroke patients is increasingly being used, disparities in use persist that may be related to gender, race, income and other factors.
In a new study, researchers have demonstrated the long-term benefits of a hydrogel, which they call "brain glue," for the treatment of traumatic brain injury. The gel protects against loss of brain tissue after a severe injury and might aid in functional neural repair.