Reparative medicine scientists at the Fralin Biomedical Research Institute discovered a new compound that could shield heart tissue before a heart attack, as well as preserve healthy cells when administered after a heart attack. The findings are in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
An analysis of combined patient-level data from two randomized clinical trials examined outcomes of dual antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin after minor stroke or transient ischemic attack.
Four grams per day of prescription omega-3 fatty acid medication effectively lower high triglyceride levels, but identification of secondary causes of high triglycerides, such as hypothyroidism and poorly managed type 2 diabetes as well as lifestyle changes should be addressed before prescribing drugs.
Data from more than a million people found that genetic liability to insomnia may increase the risk of coronary artery disease, heart failure and stroke. Among types of ischemic stroke, genetic liability to insomnia was primarily associated with an increased risk of large artery stroke.
The study found that 'silent' covert strokes are actually more common than overt strokes in people aged 65 or older who have surgery.
A collaborative team at the Wyss Institute, Harvard SEAS, and the University of Nebraska Omaha reports in Science that they now have developed the first portable exosuit that can assist the extension of the hip joint during both walking and running. The team successfully tested their wearable robot in uneven outdoor environments while wearers walked uphill, and walked and ran at different speeds.
Stroke survivors who completed a group-based aerobic exercise program, like cardiac rehabilitation, significantly improved their endurance and walking capacity regardless of time since stroke. Mixed forms of aerobic activity and walking had the most benefit for stroke survivors.
For adults with high blood pressure, greater blood pressure control than what's currently considered standard is associated with fewer adverse changes of the brain, which could mean lower risks of dementia and cognitive impairment, according to new research published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
An increased concentration of cardiac troponin (a regulatory protein) in the blood after prolonged walking is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and premature death. This was the conclusion of a study involving 725 participants in a long-distance walking event (Nijmegen Four Days Marches) that was published in the journal Circulation.
In a nationwide study, researchers used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to scan the brains of hundreds of participants in the National Institutes of Health's Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) and found that intensively controlling a person's blood pressure was more effective at slowing the accumulation of white matter lesions than standard treatment of high blood pressure.