Combined use of aspirin, statins, and metformin is associated with decreased lung cancer incidence and mortality, according to a study published in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology (JTO). The JTO is the official journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer.
Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed the world's smallest ultrasound detector. It is based on miniaturized photonic circuits on top of a silicon chip. With a size 100 times smaller than an average human hair, the new detector can visualize features that are much smaller than previously possible, leading to what is known as super-resolution imaging.
A study by researchers at Kaiser Permanente in Denver, Colorado evaluated the stability of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in patients using synthetic medication versus those using desiccated thyroid products to treat hypothyroidism. The results showed no difference in TSH stability over a three-year period between patients taking desiccated thyroid products and those on synthetic levothyroxine, an unanticipated finding given concerns about variability among batches of desiccated thyroid, which is prescribed much less frequently than synthetic levothyroxine.
Annals of Family Medicine is a peer-reviewed, indexed research journal that provides a cross-disciplinary forum for new, evidence-based information affecting the primary care disciplines.
New King's College London research has shown for the first time that people over 50 who report higher levels of loneliness are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.
Patients on immunosuppressive therapy for common skin and rheumatic diseases like psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis are not at increased risk for contracting COVID-19 and should continue taking their medicine as prescribed, say Henry Ford Health System dermatology researchers in a study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.
COVID-19 and interlinkages to endocrine and metabolic diseases was an important programme topic at the 2020 European Congress of Endocrinology. With 4675 attendees from 112 countries this is the premier European endocrine meeting. Over 5 days, panel sessions covered the science behind COVID-19 and endocrine and metabolic disorders, as well as e-consulting and e-support to endocrine patients in times of COVID-19.
Two devices for creating minimally invasive dialysis access--the Ellipsys® Vascular Access System and the WavelinQ™ 4F System--demonstrated high rates of technical success and low rates of complications, according to a new study published in the Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology. In addition, both technologies enabled patients to start dialysis sooner compared to surgery, offering significant quality-of-life benefits.
A systematic review of published evidence suggests that hypertension treatment lowers the risk for orthostatic hypotension, or extreme drop in blood pressure upon standing. Orthostatic hypotension, before or in the setting of more intensive blood pressure (BP) treatment, should not be viewed as a reason to avoid or de-escalate treatment for hypertension. This is important as it is traditionally thought that hypertension treatment causes this condition.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where immune cells -- led by inflammatory macrophages -- attack and destroy the pancreatic beta cells. It now appears that inflammatory lipid signaling may help provoke this attack. Researchers have identified a proinflammatory lipid profile that precedes development of T1D in a mouse model and in children under age 15 who are at high risk for T1D. This finding may identify candidate lipid therapeutic targets to prevent T1D.