A new study, led by RCSI researchers, has found that patients receiving methadone treatment are most at risk of overdosing in the month following the end of methadone treatment and during the first four weeks of treatment.
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside, have completed a cross-sectional human study that compares biomarkers and metal concentrations in the urine of e-cigarette users, nonsmokers, and cigarette smokers. They found that the biomarkers, which reflect exposure, effect, and potential harm, are both elevated in e-cigarette users compared to the other groups and linked to metal exposure and oxidative DNA damage.
New UBC research shows, for the first time, a clear link between patient complaints and violence towards nurses. When nurses are overworked, they often cannot provide the high level of care they want to. This may lead to complaints from patients and their families, which can escalate into violence if not addressed. By addressing these complaints and reducing workload pressures, health care organizations could improve the wellbeing of their patients, patients' families, and employees.
A real-world study of over 600,000 adult participants without a history of depression has found that the stop-smoking medication varenicline (marketed as Chantix and Champix) does not appear to be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular or neuropsychiatric hospitalization compared with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). These findings confirm those of earlier clinical trials, providing further evidence of the safety of varenicline as an aid to stop smoking.
Researchers surveyed 153 transgender youths receiving gender-affirming care at a specialty clinic, and even in this relatively 'out' population, nearly half reported intentionally hiding their gender identity from a health care provider outside the clinic.
The old story of a farmer trying to get a stubborn mule to pull a wagon by dangling a carrot in front of its nose, or hitting its rump with a stick, may not seem to have much to do with the practice of medicine. But a new study suggests that when it comes to making the best use of healthcare dollars, it will take a combination of carrots and sticks to move things forward.
Using moisturisers on newborn babies does not prevent eczema as previously thought, according to a major new study. The Barrier Enhancement for Eczema Prevention study (BEEP), which is published today in The Lancet, was led by experts from the School of Medicine at the University of Nottingham, with contributions from Imperial College London and the Universities of Bristol, Dundee, East Anglia, and Sheffield.
Multi-country intervention trial to improve hypertension management, led by Duke-NUS Medical School in Singapore, in partnership with the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Aga Khan University in Pakistan, the University of Kelaniya in Sri Lanka and the Singapore Clinical Research Institute (SCRI), leads to "clinically meaningful" reductions in blood pressure and better blood pressure control in patients receiving the multi-component intervention. Researchers call for national scale-up of the intervention.
More than 10,000 uninsured patients sought care at Texas emergency departments for lifesaving kidney dialysis in 2017, incurring more than $21.8 million in hospital costs, according to researchers from UTHealth.
Texas teens lost access to confidential family planning services due to family planning budget cuts and loss of Title X funds, says a new study led by the University of Colorado College of Nursing just published in the Journal of Adolescent Health. This research suggests that contraception access for teens throughout the nation could worsen as new changes to Title X are implemented.