The microbiome of our ancestors might have been more important for human evolution than previously thought. By comparing data from prior studies, the authors revealed that an adaptive gut microbiome could have been critical for human dispersal, allowing our ancestors to survive in new geographic areas.
About 10% of patients who come to complex care hospitals may have low levels of folate and other indicators of malnutrition, investigators say.
These evidence-based recommendations support closer follow-up after colonoscopy screenings for some groups, less intense follow-up for others, and provide guidance for removing colorectal polyps.
Reducing animal product intake and following a primarily plant-based diet can decrease your risk of heart disease by minimizing the adverse effects of a gut-microbiome associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease, according to research published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Two popular forms of bariatric surgery may dramatically change women's sensitivity to and absorption of alcohol - but patients may be unaware, according to research led by professor of food science and human nutrition M. Yanina Pepino, left. Maria Belen Acevedo, a postdoctoral research associate in the department, was the first author of the study
Caltech researchers find that when rodents are prevented from consuming feces, their small-intestine microbiota more closely resembles the microbial communities found in human intestines.
Fecal microbiota transplant treatment for most microbiome-associated diseases has not been rigorously studied in humans--and any such studies would be subject to regulation by the Food and Drug Administration. In a pair of forums publishing February 12 in the journal Cell Host & Microbe, clinicians and an FDA scientist detail some areas of FMT research that could facilitate the development of safe and effective FMT therapies for patients.
Researchers at the University of Chicago have developed the first truly accurate mouse model of celiac disease. The animals have the same genetic and immune system characteristics as humans who develop celiac after eating gluten. This provides a vital research tool for developing and testing new treatments for the disease.
Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital have uncovered a novel potential antiviral drug target that could lead to treatments protecting against a host of infectious diseases.
Dietary components, rather than obesity itself, may lead to skin inflammation and the development of psoriasis, a study by UC Davis Health researchers has found.