Measuring the percentage of weight regained following the maximum amount of weight lost after bariatric surgery can help predict a patient's risk of several serious health problems. The study also revealed that the rate of weight regained was highest in the first year following maximum weight loss.
Endurance exercise training beneficially modifies gut microbiota composition.
After interviewing both teens and parents, Joslin Diabetes Center researchers have identified strategies to help teens with type 1 diabetes who have hypertension (high blood pressure) or dyslipidemia (unhealthy levels of cholesterol or triglycerides), They offer realistic and specific guidance on steps both parents and healthcare providers can use.
Using a statistical technique called network meta-analysis, researchers have combined the results of dozens of studies of dietary oils to identify those with the best effect on patients' LDL cholesterol and other blood lipids.
Less-educated African-American women who report experiencing high levels of racial discrimination may face greater risk of developing chronic diseases, says a new study by University of California, Berkeley, researchers. The study of 208 middle-aged African-American women from the San Francisco Bay Area is the first to examine the links between racial discrimination and allostatic load, a measure of chronic physiologic stress in the body that is a predictor of chronic disease.
People at high risk of a heart attack in adulthood could be spotted much earlier in life with a one-off DNA test. An international team of scientists has developed a powerful scoring system which can identify people who are at risk of developing coronary heart disease prematurely because of their genetics.
The #MeToo Movement, in addition to raising awareness, has provided people with a voice to speak out when they've been wronged, harassed, or assaulted. A new study shows that not only are sexual harassment and assault highly prevalent today, but they may also have negative health consequences. Study results will be presented during The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) Annual Meeting in San Diego, Oct. 3-6, 2018.
Vitamin B supplements have a protective effect on kidney function in children and adolescents with type-1 diabetes, according to research presented today at the 57th Annual European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology Meeting. These findings indicate that simple supplementation of vitamin B complex may protect against the development and progression of kidney disease in children with diabetes, which could promote improved health and quality of life in adulthood.
In obesity research, the body mass index (BMI) has been traditionally used to determine if an individual is normal weight, underweight, overweight or obese. However, BMI does not differentiate between the types of the mass (fat or muscle) or body shapes.
When assessing whether preschoolers are overweight, health professionals should use other measures such as waist-to-height ratio in addition to the body mass index (BMI). A study published in the Springer Nature-branded journal Pediatric Research shows that this is because measuring the BMI of younger children often fails to identify those with excess stomach fat and possible associated health problems.