Adding genomic sequencing results to traditional newborn screening means a baby could potentially test positive for numerous conditions that might not develop within their lifetime. A UNC School of Medicine study proposed a method for how to responsibly determine which types of conditions to include in testing and potentially return to parents.
The International Pediatric MS Study Group -- a group of care providers and researchers looking to optimize worldwide care, education and research in pediatric multiple sclerosis -- was convened with sponsorship by the National MS Society and the MS Society of Canada. Stemming from this meeting and subsequent review by members, the group updated its recommendations on conducting clinical trials in children and adolescents with MS. The team reports these updated recommendations in the journal Neurology.
A new study sought to determine the points at which individuals who encounter public systems of justice are charged by private entities. The study found that private firms that work with public entities in the justice system charge money for their services at numerous points, that some of the charges are mandated, and that there is little transparency into or oversight over how these public-private partnerships operate.
New study of FOI documents uncovers provisions that could allow the beverage giant to suppress findings from health science it funds at North American universities. Researchers argue that Coca-Cola's contracts run counter to their public declarations of openness.
Nature is declining globally at rates unprecedented in human history -- and the rate of species extinctions is accelerating, with grave impacts on people around the world now likely, warns a landmark new report from the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), the summary of which was approved at the 7th session of the IPBES Plenary, meeting last week (April 29-May 4) in Paris.
Sometimes people don't see the impacts of sustainability decisions beyond a balance ledger. That places poor in water or energy will still accept money to ship away that very resource they lack -- often to a place that doesn't want for that same resource, but happy to conserve it.
Fluorinated firefighting foam is a leading cause of PFAS water contamination and is associated with cancer and endocrine disruption. A panel of independent fire-safety experts from across sectors demonstrate that PFAS chemicals are similarly toxic to PFOA and PFOS and are harder to control, leading to increased pollution, exposure, and presence in the food chain. A new report demonstrates the efficacy and viability of fluorine-free foams and calls for a global PFAS ban with no exemptions.
Are pork chops on the menu this grilling season? According to new research from University of Illinois meat scientists, pork enthusiasts can improve taste, juiciness, and tenderness by cooking chops to the new USDA standard: 145 degrees Fahrenheit.
The first reported instance of germline gene editing in humans was bad science as well as bad ethics, according to a commentary publishing April 30 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Haoyi Wang of the Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and Hui Yang of the Institutes of Neuroscience, CAS, both well-known experts in gene editing.
The public announcement last fall from China regarding gene editing on human embryos, conducted without the benefit of scientific review or ethical debate, has raised global concerns that more rigorous standards must be established to guide research in germline gene therapy, according to a new article publishing on April 30 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by medical ethicist Arthur L. Caplan of the Division of Medical Ethics at NYU School of Medicine.