A researcher at the OU College of Medicine, William R. Lovallo, Ph.D., recently published one of the field's few studies focused on how a person's genes contribute to addiction. Lovallo's research showed that a tiny genetic mutation can put people at higher risk for alcohol or drug addiction.
Eating disorder researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) have discovered a neurocircuit in mice that, when activated, increased their stress levels while decreasing their desire to eat. Findings appear in Nature Communications.
'A study like this makes it clear that even though we may think we know everything there is to know about the opioid response, we're actually just scratching the surface.' -- Kirill Martemyanov, PhD, Scripps Research Neuroscience Co-Chair
Parents and teens find it difficult to talk about sex and alcohol, and this study finds that doctors can help. This randomized clinical trial evaluated whether interventions targeted at parents in primary care pediatric settings might improve communications between parents and their teens about sexual health and alcohol use.
Rates of marijuana exposure cases in children and teens reported to a poison control center increased after Massachusetts legalized medical marijuana in 2012. From 2009 to 2016, there were 218 cannabis-related calls (a small portion of the calls to the poison center) about exposure in children and teens to age 19, with most of the calls coming from health care facilities. Teens ages 15 to 19 were involved in the highest number of cases followed by children to age 4.
In the largest mental health survey of gender minority college students, BU researchers Sarah Lipson and Julia Raifman find that transgender, gender-nonconforming, genderqueer, and nonbinary college students face enormous mental health disparities. Their national study across 71 US colleges and universities reinforces the urgent call for schools to improve mental health resources and implement gender-inclusive policy changes.
Patients who meet an addiction medicine consult team while they're in the hospital are twice as likely to participate in treatment for substance use disorder after they go home, according to new research. The study measures a key outcome for patients who participated in a first-of-its-kind addiction intervention program started by Oregon Health & Science University in 2015.
A new Pharmacology Research & Perspectives study found no harm to newborns from opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) during pregnancy compared with no treatment.
Mothers who drink moderate to high levels of alcohol during pregnancy may be changing their babies' DNA, according to a Rutgers-led study.
A new in-depth study from Ryerson University called 'The influence of environmental and health indicators on premature mortality: an empirical analysis of the City of Toronto's 140 neighborhoods' assesses the impact of several environmental, health, socioeconomic and demographic characteristics on lifespan. Authors Luckrezia Awuor and Stephanie Melles determined that premature mortality in Toronto neighborhoods was predicted by a combination of unhealthy environments and embedded socioeconomic imbalances.