How people consume news and take actions based on what they read, hear or see, is different than how human brains process other types of information on a daily basis, according to researchers at the University of Missouri School of Journalism. While the current state of the newspaper industry is in flux, these journalism experts discovered people still love reading newspapers, and they believe a newspaper's physical layout and structure could help curators of digital news platforms enhance their users' experiences.
The 'missing link' that helped our ancestors to begin communicating with each other through language may have been iconic sounds, rather than charades-like gestures - giving rise to the unique human power to coin new words describing the world around us, a new study reveals.
Conducting a discussion in a crowded room can be challenging when other conversations and background noise interfere with our ability to focus attention on our conversation partner. Can we absorb information from a few speakers in parallel, or are we limited to understanding speech from only one speaker at a time? Researchers have now moved closer to understanding how the brain deals with the abundance of sounds in our environments, and prioritizes among them.
Twins produce fewer gestures and gesture to fewer objects than other children. Language use also lags for twins, and language--but not gesture--is also affected by sex, with girls performing better than boys.
Log on to any app store, and parents will find hundreds of options for children that claim to be educational. But new Penn State research suggests these apps might not be as beneficial to children as they seem.
In order to find our way in the world, we classify it into concepts, such as "telephone". Until now, it was unclear how the brain retrieves these when we only encounter the word and don't perceive the objects directly. Scientists at the German MPI CBS have now developed a model of how the brain processes abstract knowledge. They found that depending on which features one concentrates on, the corresponding brain regions go into action.
A new study provides a profile of teachers around the world who provide English Medium Instruction (EMI) in higher education, in which the English language is used to teach academic subjects (other than English itself) in countries where the first language is not English.
An analysis of Twitter activity between March 1 and Aug. 1, 2020, found strong support by U.S. users for wearing face coverings and that a media focus on anti-mask opinions fueled the rhetoric of those opposed, report University of Oregon researchers.
Oxytocin and arginine vasopressin are two hormones in the endocrine system that can act as neurotransmitters and regulate -in vertebrates and invertebrates- a wide range of biological functions, such as bonding formation, breastfeeding, birth or arterial pressure. Biochemists in the pregenomic era, named these genes differently in different species, due to small protein coding differences.
Humans are inherently emotional and to better understand them, robots need to recognize emotions from human speech. Due to the complexity of auditory perception models, however, emotion recognition is a challenging task. In a new study, researchers from Japan and China design a novel feature that captures temporal and contextual information and extracts temporal variation of emotion using a parallel neural network architecture, opening doors to future applications in more complex speech analysis tasks.