A new study in the journal Family Practice indicates that intensive behavioral therapy from dietitians may be a very effective ways for older Americans to lose weight.
Employing a game theory model, University of Pennsylvania researchers demonstrate how strategic decisions influence the environment in which those decisions are made, alterations which in turn influence strategy. Their analysis, which identifies how incentives can tip a strategy from one extreme to another, applies to fields as diverse as fisheries dynamics to climate change policy.
A world first review of the importance of nature play could transform children's play spaces, supporting investment in city and urban parks, while also delivering important opportunities for children's physical, social and emotional development.
Sherlock Holmes is perhaps the most famous example of the power of inference -- using indirect evidence to reveal hidden truths. Understanding the neural basis of this sophisticated cognitive skill has been a long-standing challenge for neuroscientists. Now, a clever experiment that comes in two flavors -- human and mouse -- offers a way forward with a promising set of results.
When it comes to adapting to the effects of climate change, scientists and policymakers are thinking too small, according to a new research review.
Women with early stage breast cancer who test positive for an inherited genetic variant are not always receiving cancer treatment that follows current guidelines, a new study finds.
In a new study, researchers report they can manipulate how the brain encodes and retains emotional memories. The scientists found that focusing on the neutral details of a disturbing scene can weaken a person's later memories -- and negative impressions -- of that scene.
When choosing between multiple alternatives, people usually focus their attention on the two most promising options. The quicker we do that, the faster we make the decision. Psychologists from the University of Basel have reported these findings in the scientific journal Nature Human Behaviour.
A combination of therapeutic horseback riding and brain-building exercises can help children with neurodevelopmental disorders improve their motor skills, according to a new study. Combining lessons about horse anatomy, riding equipment, and the basics of riding with music therapy, eye tracking exercises and hand-eye coordination tasks shows the first evidence of both short and long-term benefits of using a combined program of horseback riding and brain training.
In a study of rats navigating a simple maze, neuroscientists at UC San Francisco have discovered how the brain may generate such imagined future scenarios. The work provides a new grounding for understanding not only how the brain makes decisions but also how imagination works more broadly, the researchers say.