Police use of body-worn cameras is growing rapidly in the United States. New research that looked at 70 studies of body-worn cameras concludes that while officers and citizens generally support using the cameras, the devices may not have had significant or consistent effects on most measures of behavior by officers or citizens, or on citizens' views of the police.
Despite an FDA approval of growth hormone treatment for children with idiopathic short stature (ISS), the mean cost burden to patients and their families has increased over time.
An OU-led project is showing how citizen science programs provide valuable data on rivers in southwestern United States. The ecological and hydrological data obtained from intermittent rivers (rivers that dry at some point in space or time) in Arizona are input into a nationwide network. Trained citizen scientists are mapping three rivers in Arizona: the San Pedro River, Cienega Creek and Agua Fria River.
Researchers have found warmer average water temperatures in Ontario lakes over the past decade have forced fish to forage in deeper water.
In October 2015, England introduced a charge for single-use plastic bags in supermarkets. An international research team, including Elena Sautkina from the Higher School of Economics, has conducted a mixed-methods longitudinal study and determined the extent to which British people approved of this policy initiative, and whether they were ready to support other environmental charges. The results were published in Frontiers in Psychology journal.
The methods can be replicated by cities to help them identify which neighborhoods are most at risk and what demographic factors characterize the most vulnerable citizens.
The self-reported struggle of many countries to design effective plans to achieve the UN's Sustainable Development Goals has inspired a new UN tool to guide such nations along a 6-step path towards the critical SDG 6: clean water and sanitation for all. The SDG Policy Support System launches March 22, World Water Day, on the website of UNU-INWEH. It draws on extensive research into a universal recipe for accelerating SDG-6 progress.
Luke Frishkoff, University of Texas at Arlington assistant professor of biology, explores how human land use expedites biodiversity loss in a paper recently published in Nature Ecology & Evolution.
Algorithm designs optimized machine-learning models up to 200 times faster than traditional methods.
New research suggests that targeted use of behavioural 'nudges' can encourage people to conserve water. Researchers at the University of East Anglia (UEA) found that rather than giving people general information about the importance of saving water, emphasising the water conserving actions of others in the same social group -- for example university students or local residents -- encourages similar behaviour changes and reduces water demand.