Reports and Proceedings
Presented at the Optica (formerly OSA) 2021 Frontiers in Optics + Laser Science (FiO LS) meeting (01 - 04 November) researchers from Boston University, USA, will report the development of frequency translating add/drop filters based on electro-optically modulated photonic molecules. The new class of filters could open important new avenues for on-chip light manipulation.
- Frontiers in Optics + Laser Science (FiO LS)
The blockage of lung arteries by a blood clot results in pulmonary embolism – a condition requiring emergency care that affects more than 300,000 people in the United States each year. Existing treatments, however, may not fully remove the clot, necessitating the development of new therapeutic strategies for pulmonary embolism. Now, in a major step forward, researchers at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University developed a device known as the Bashir™ Endovascular Catheter (Thrombolex, Inc.), which effectively dissolves the clots in the lungs, with no major bleeding risk. Bleeding following clot dissolution is a significant risk for thrombolytic therapies currently on the market. The evidence comes from the prespecified interim analysis of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-sponsored RESCUE trial, a clinical study designed to assess the efficacy and safety of the Bashir™ Endovascular Catheter for the treatment of acute pulmonary embolism.
CO2 emissions from buildings and construction fell in 2020 due to the economic impacts of COVID-19 but a lack of real transformation in the sector means emissions will keep rising, contributing to dangerous climate change, according to the UN's 2021 Global Status Report for Buildings and Construction.
Research from the USC Center for Body Computing and the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command, Army Research Laboratory West analyzes data to determine predictors of failure and success in reconnaissance marine training.
Despite the availability of systemic therapy, prostate cancer (PC) remains the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men due to limited therapeutic options for aggressive forms of PC. To make progress, a new predictive marker for PC is needed. Now, scientists from Korea have identified a protein that plays a critical role in the progression of PC and could help monitor and diagnose advanced stages of PC, opening doors to new drug development.
- Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research
As the impact of the pandemic on mental health continues, psychologists are reporting a large increase in demand for treatment of anxiety and depression compared with last year, according to a new survey by the American Psychological Association.
As the full impact of the withdrawal of the Universal Credit uplift hits claimants, a new University of Bath IPR policy brief suggests that the way the uplift was experienced highlights hidden complexity at the heart of the Universal Credit calculation.
- ESRC National Centre for Research Methods
• Early analysis on the effects of modular housing pilot scheme to tackle homelessness in Cambridge – the first in England. • After a year, residents were sober or getting help, reconnecting with family, with some in work or training and even preparing for permanent housing. • “I feel I’m in control of my life right now” – ‘mod’ resident.
A new kind of fiber developed by researchers at MIT and in Sweden can be made into clothing that senses how much it is being stretched or compressed, and then provides immediate tactile feedback in the form of pressure, lateral stretch, or vibration. Such fabrics could be used in garments that help train singers or athletes to better control their breathing, or that help patients recovering from disease or surgery to recover their breathing patterns.
Parents in a new national poll report that half of children aged 10-12 years and a third of children ages 7-9 use their devices to engage with others on social media apps.
Laboratory rats play an important role in biomedical research. They can be used in social interaction experiments in animal behavioral research or as animal models for disease research and testing of new drugs. Rats are uncontrollable and cannot be evaluated, however, the programmability and reconfigurability of robotic rats can compensate for these shortcomings with the premise that robots need automatic perception to interact more naturally. A new study by a team of scientists from Beijing Institute of Technology proposed a real-time automatic motion detection and object tracking framework for robot-rat interaction. The study has been presented on September 30 at the 2021 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2021) in Prague, Czech Republic.
- Cyborg and Bionic Systems