Latest News Releases 22 June
Over the last century, the contributions of citizen scientists have proven a vital source of scientific data, with projects such as the Christmas Bird Count fueling high-impact research programs. However, less data has been accrued about those who actually participate in these important programs. Writing in BioScience, Bradley Allf (North Carolina State University) and colleagues turn the lens of inquiry to citizen science itself, examining the demographics and participation patterns of the volunteers.
Cancer patients have received priority status to receive COVID-19 vaccinations but there is limited data regarding the safety and efficacy of the vaccines for patients treated for lung cancer with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Now, a new study published in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology found that vaccines are safe and effective for these patients. JTO is the official journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer.
- Journal of Thoracic Oncology
LMU researchers have shown that variance of opinions within a group can promote conformism.
- Royal Society Open Science
Culture influences childhood experiences. Cultural values are transmitted to children through a variety of ways, including family, media, and religion. An important mode of this cultural transmission in early childhood is curriculum. This special issue of the ECNU Review of Education challenges us to rethink the influence of culture on curriculum by including studies that focus on the role played by culture and context in childhood experiences and curricula.
- ECNU Review of Education
A major international project entitled ‘Public Service Media in the Age of Platforms’ (PSM-AP) is to be led by the University of Huddersfield and will be the first of its kind on this scale. The project has been awarded €1.5million by the Collaboration of Humanities and Social Sciences in Europe (CHANSE) to enable researchers to engage with public service broadcasters around the world to discover what exactly is happening to the industry globally.
- Collaboration of Humanities and Social Sciences in Europe (CHANSE)
The migration of carbon atoms on the surface of the nanomaterial graphene was recently measured for the first time. Although the atoms move too swiftly to be directly observed with an electron microscope, their effect on the stability of the material can now be determined indirectly while the material is heated on a microscopic hot plate. The study by researchers at the Faculty of Physics of the University of Vienna was published in the journal Carbon.
An international team of scientists, led by the University of Leeds, have assessed how robotics and autonomous systems might facilitate or impede the delivery of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Their findings identify key opportunities and key threats that need to be considered while developing, deploying and governing robotics and autonomous systems’.
- Nature Communications
Humpty Dumpty, the famous egg of nursery rhyme fame, fell off a wall and couldn’t be put back together again. But if he’d worn a protective jacket made of gelatin and cornstarch, he could have stayed intact. Researchers in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces report that by adding starch to gelatin, they have created gels that protect fragile objects, such as eggs — and maybe someday, people’s heads.
- ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Farmers use weed-killing herbicides on nearly all major crops grown in the U.S., but over time, weeds have evolved resistance to these products. According to a cover story in Chemical & Engineering News, an independent news outlet of the American Chemical Society, there hasn’t been an herbicide with a new weed-killing mechanism introduced in decades, but chemical companies have started using new tools to aid their search.
- Chemical & Engineering News
Professor Federico Rosei’s team at the Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS) has shown that microbrewery waste can be used as a carbon source to synthesize quantum dots. The work was done in collaboration with Claudiane Ouellet-Plamondon of the École de technologie supérieure (ÉTS).
- RSC Advances
- Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Quebec Centre for Advanced Materials, Canada Research Chairs
Many people have now embraced the plant-based meat movement. Plants high in protein, such as soybeans, are common ingredients, but it’s been unclear how much of the nutrient makes it into human cells. In ACS’ Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, researchers report that proteins in a model plant-based substitute were not as accessible to cells as those from meat. The team says this knowledge could eventually be used to develop more healthful products.
- Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry