This story, profiling theoretical physicist Jennifer Rittenhouse West, is a pilot project conceived by the Software Working Group of the EIC User Group to become part of a series of profiles of future users of the Electron-Ion Collider (EIC). The EIC is a next-generation nuclear physics research facility being built at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory in partnership with DOE’s Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility and collaborators around the world.
A team of atmospheric scientists from around the nation is descending on the Houston, Texas, area for the next 14 months to seek answers to a vexing question: Do tiny specks of soot, dust, smoke, and other particles suspended in Earth’s atmosphere help determine the severity of thunderstorms? The knowledge gained may make weather forecasts more accurate and provide crucial data for improving predictions about how aerosols may affect Earth’s future climate. It will also give scientists a unique opportunity to explore the effects of industry, vehicle emissions, and the built environment on weather and climate.
Atmospheric scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have deployed a unique method of collecting climate data in cities, aiming to address infrastructure and energy needs across the Nation. Rather than relying on stationary instruments, researchers at Brookhaven’s Center for Multiscale Applied Sensing (CMAS) have integrated sophisticated research tools into a pickup truck, creating a mobile observatory that captures precise, local data on wind, temperature, rain, and clouds across entire cities.
Physicists from the STAR Collaboration of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider presented long-awaited results from a "blind analysis" of how the strength of the magnetic field generated in certain collisions affects the particles streaming out. The experiment was designed to look for evidence of a predicted physics phenomenon known as the "chiral magnetic effect." It didn't come out as initially predicted.
Brand new, state-of-the-art components for an upgraded 1000-ton particle detector are being installed at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Known as sPHENIX, the detector is a radical makeover of the PHENIX experiment, which first began taking data at the Lab's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) in 2000. sPHENIX will significantly enhance scientists' ability to learn about quark-gluon plasma (QGP), an exotic form of nuclear matter created in RHIC's energetic particle smashups.
Two vaccines approved for battling COVID-19 in the United States use a relatively new approach--injections of simple packets containing mRNA, a genetic material that instructs our cells to make coronavirus spike proteins. But the technology for generating sufficient amounts of those mRNA packets dates back to the 1980s, when F. William Studier of Brookhaven Lab developed a way to harness the molecular machinery of a very different virus.
What do you need to study the fine details of the building blocks of matter? A new kind of particle accelerator called an Electron-Ion Collider and a state-of-the-art detector to capture the action when electrons and ions collide. An international team of more than 400 scientists representing 151 research institutions prepared a detailed report of the detector components they believe are needed to meet the scientific goals of the EIC.
Just prior to the start of this year's run at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), a team of scientists, engineers, technicians, and students completed the installation of important new components of the collider's STAR detector. The new components will expand STAR's ability to track jets of particles emerging in an extreme 'forward' direction to give scientists insight into how the internal components of protons and neutrons--quarks and gluons--contribute to the overall properties of these building blocks of matter.
Great Neck South High School earned the top spot in the Long Island Regional High School Science Bowl hosted by the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory on Saturday, Jan. 30, 2021.