Latest News Releases
Slashing emissions of carbon dioxide, by itself, cannot prevent catastrophic global warming. But a new study concludes that a strategy that simultaneously reduces emissions of other largely neglected climate pollutants would cut the rate of global warming in half and give the world a fighting chance to keep the climate safe for humanity.
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Northumbria University researchers are part of a unique team working on a new £1m project to better equip Indigenous communities in the Arctic against the disproportionate impacts of climate change.
The fourteen partners of the BiCIKL Project met in Seville (Spain) for their first physical meeting at the beginning of May, one year after the start of the project, whose mission is to catalyse a top-down culture change in the way researchers work with data about the world's biodiversity at each step of the research process. The meeting had a strong technical focus on the transition from one-sided, uni-directional linkages between biodiversity data and infrastructures to more complex bilateral and multi-directional connections across various types of FAIR and open data.
- Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
Sometimes, even the alteration of a single nucleotide in a gene can cause serious disease. In a young boy with epilepsy, this kind of mutation has not just affected the functioning of the protein in question – it could also curb the functioning of several closely related proteins. This has been shown in a study, published in the journal PNAS, by researchers in Sweden and the USA. The study sheds light on the molecular biology behind some forms of genetic epilepsy.
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, the Swedish Research Council
In a new study, SDSU and OSU researchers interviewed California shellfish growers to find out how they perceive ocean acidification, and to learn what strategies they think will help their operations adapt to changing environmental conditions.
- Ocean & Coastal Management
- NOAA, California Ocean Protection Council/Sea Grant Proposition 84
Being mobile individually, at any time – without owning a car. To facilitate this, public transportation authorities cooperate with service providers for new forms of mobility such as bicycle sharing, car sharing, or ridepooling. Researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) studied how publicly available mobility options in the Karlsruhe region in the future can optimally fulfill the citizens’ needs. The result: Widespread availability of pooling and sharing services and improved public transportation will profit both – and reduce car traffic.
Findings from the multicenter, U.S. Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study (DPPOS) detail the 21-year follow-up of more than 3,200 adults with prediabetes who had participated in the original Diabetes Prevention Program trial. The DPPOS confirmed that treatment through lifestyle interventions or the medication metformin were effective long-term in preventing or delaying the development of Type 2 diabetes among adults with prediabetes compared to the participants who received standard care. However, the study participants’ risk of having a heart attack, stroke or dying from cardiovascular disease over the 21-year study period did not differ in the metformin or lifestyle intervention groups compared to the standard care group. The number of heart attacks, strokes or deaths related to cardiovascular disease was relatively low despite development of Type 2 diabetes in more than 50% of study participants. This may be attributable to the mildness of the diabetes and widespread use of medications for blood pressure or cholesterol that also reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
- NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Eye Institute, NIH/National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, Office of Research on Women's Health, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Diabetes Association
It is widely understood that thawing permafrost can lead to significant amounts of methane being released. However, new research shows that in some areas, this release of methane could be a tenth of the amount predicted from a thaw. The research was conducted in Sweden by an international group that includes researchers from the University of Copenhagen. A crucial, yet an open question is how much precipitation the future will bring.
- Global Change Biology
The supply of iron from the atmosphere to the ocean in the Southern Ocean region is projected to decline significantly, which may have unexpected consequences for the future climate.
- npj Climate and Atmospheric Science