Eliminating air pollution emissions from energy-related activities in the United States would prevent more than 50,000 premature deaths each year and provide more than $600 billion in benefits each year from avoided illness and death, according to a new study by University of Wisconsin–Madison researchers.
Stimulation of subthalamic nucleus interrupts a cycle of runaway beta-frequency rhythms and restores ability of interneurons to regulate rhythms in the brain’s striatum, improving movement, study suggests
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- National Institutes of Health
With the help of citizen science and dive operators, 1,085 individual manta rays were identified in Komodo National Park, Indonesia, by their unique belly patterns from 2013 to 2018 (5 years) Some manta rays moved around the park and others as far as the Nusa Penida MPA (>450 km to the west), but movement modeling indicated that overall manta rays showed individual preferences for specific sites Adult manta rays were observed cleaning, coupling, and feeding at sites, whereas at one site where foraging activity was higher, immature individuals were more commonly sighted Fisheries-related injuries were observed on 5% of manta ray and tourism use of manta aggregation sites increased by 34% during the study
A wireless, bioelectronic pacifier could eliminate the need for invasive, twice-daily blood draws to monitor babies’ electrolytes in Newborn Intensive Care Units or NICUs. This smart pacifier can also provide more continuous monitoring of sodium and potassium ion levels. These electrolytes help alert caregivers if babies are dehydrated, a danger for infants, especially those born prematurely or with other health issues. Researchers tested the smart pacifier on a selection of infants in a hospital, and the results were comparable to data gained from their normal blood draws.
- Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Researchers who want to learn more about therapeutic footwear for people with diabetes are being invited to take part in a free two-day workshop at Staffordshire University. Staffordshire University is partnering with PFH Private Hochschule Göttingen, University of applied sciences in Germany, to host the British Council funded workshop at Staffordshire University’s Stoke-on-Trent campus. Taking place on Tuesday 27 and Wednesday 28 June 2022, the workshop is open to researchers and academics at recognised research institutions in the UK or Germany with an interest in therapeutic footwear. Where applications are successful, travel and accommodation costs will be covered
- Meeting the Challenges of Providing Therapeutic Footwear for People with Diabetes Mellitus
Gun violence and school violence have been on the rise since the pandemic, as have eating disorders and body image issues among adolescents — which includes an emphasis on muscularity as today’s body ideal for many boys. Now, a new study published in the Journal of Interpersonal Violence has revealed a link between the two.
- Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Analysis of more than 11,000 people investigated whether high blood pressure or arterial stiffness may be a better predictor of future Type 2 diabetes risk. Results found that adults with increased arterial stiffness had a higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, regardless of their hypertension status when added to standard risk factors. More research is needed to determine the association among Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and arterial stiffness, and to provide insight into future prevention strategies to reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes.
- National Key Research and Development Program of China, Beijing Municipal Administration of Hospitals Incubating Program
A research team led by the University of Adelaide, in partnership with medical technology company Fertilis, has delivered a ground-breaking new micro-device to streamline the only fertility treatment procedure available for men with low sperm counts.
- Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Nano-sized robots manoeuvred using a magnetic field can be used to kill bacteria hidden deep inside dentinal tubules
- Advanced Healthcare Materials