An international team of researchers has broadened and deepened understanding of how inherited retinal dystrophies (IRDs) affect different populations of people and, in the process, have identified new gene variants that may cause the diseases.
- PLoS Genetics
- , , , The Claire Giannini Foundation, The L.L. Hillblom Foundation, That Man May See, Inc
Washington, D.C. – October 19, 2021 – A new study has added numerous previously uncharacterized viral genomes and genes to the ever-increasing worldwide pool of human gut viromes. The study, published in mSystems, an open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology, will prove helpful in investigating the role of the gut virome in human health and disease.
Recent research from West Virginia University's Department of Sociology and Anthropology explored the association between COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy and skepticism and religion and politics.
When children are overtired, their facial expressions can forecast social problems years later, according to a new report published by a University of Houston psychologist.
- Affective Science
The study, which was published recently in Fertility and Sterility Science, is the first to show that functional sperm cells can be made in a dish using primate embryonic stem cells.
- Fertility and Sterility
With hurricanes, floods, wildfires, earthquakes, the COVID-19 pandemic and more, the world has seen a multitude of natural disasters recently. Research by University of Cincinnati professor Michael J. Fry that published in the Annals of Operations Research has provided insight into how the government and relief organizations could best prepare to respond to disasters, providing aid in an efficient and cost-effective manner while reducing human suffering.
- Annals of Operations Research
Dairy cows have a natural drive to groom themselves and to scratch those hard-to-reach itches on their bodies. When given the opportunity, dairy cattle use mechanical brushes daily at every stage of their lives. A new study in the Journal of Dairy Science®, conducted by researchers from the Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, is the first to characterize the use of stationary brushes among weaned dairy heifers.
- Journal of Dairy Science
A team led by FAMU-FSU College of Engineering researchers has new insight into molecules that change their shape in response to light. The researchers studying azobenzene-based polymers found that their free volume — a measure of the space between polymer chains — was strongly linked with the polymers’ ability to convert visible light radiation into mechanical energy.
- Advanced Functional Materials
Torrential rain made over 90,000 people homeless in Minas Gerais state, where the probability of far higher volumes of rain than expected has increased 70% owing to industrialization and global warming.
- Climate Resilience and Sustainability
Using a handheld device that looks a little like a ray gun, scientists recorded how plant leaves on different Alaskan mountains reflect light. And, it turns out, different populations of plants of the same species-- for instance, plants living on neighboring mountaintops-- reflect light differently, in ways that echo their genetic variation from each other.
- New Phytologist
Antibody responses following COVID-19 mRNA vaccination were comparable among pregnant, lactating, and nonpregnant women, but certain antibody functions were delayed in pregnant and lactating women following the first dose. The second vaccine dose was critical to achieving full immunity in pregnant and lactating women.
- Science Translational Medicine
- NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, , , , Nancy Zimmerman, anonymous donor, Massachusetts Consortium on Pathogen Readiness, , , , , , , , , Musk Foundation