Space & Planetary
In a Nature paper published on Feb 9th, the team of Prof. LIU Haiyan and Prof. CHEN Quan from the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) reported a new method named SCUBA (for Side Chain-Unknown Backbone Arrangement) for de novo protein design. SCUBA employs a novel statistical learning strategy, and enables the continuous and extensive search of the main chain structure space, making it possible to automatically generate protein main chain structures with “high designability”, meaning amino acid sequences can be selected to fold into such structures closely.
Researchers at the University of Kansas have conducted a study in which they provide an economic analysis of two popular interventions for students with autism spectrum disorder. They show what the cost for schools can be on methods that have emerging or limited research evidence to support them. They also argue such analyses should be a standard part of education research.
- Exceptional Children
A team of German astronomers, led by Professor Klaus Werner of the University of Tübingen, have discovered a strange new type of star covered in the by-product of helium burning. It is possible that the stars might have been formed by a rare stellar merger event.
- Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
A new study explores how specialized care providers navigate conversations with patients and their families about switching from curative treatments to pain management and comfort care. Many of the providers did not dismiss their patients’ emotions or tell patients to feel differently. Rather, they validated their patients’ fear, hope or guilt, and then walked them through the likely outcomes of continuing treatments.
- Organization Studies
A study carried out by researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) revealed that businesses run by minorities, women and veterans, which they call historically underrepresented group operated (HUGO) businesses, were dealt a much worse hand by the pandemic than other businesses. What’s more, the team saw that HUGO businesses reported harsher downturns from COVID-19 alone than even non-HUGO businesses that were struck by natural disasters on top of COVID-19. The findings, published in the International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, stress the severity of the resilience gap between HUGO and non-HUGO businesses but also pave routes forward for research that could help struggling businesses.
- International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Researchers have developed and demonstrated a new technique for controlling directed evolution in bacteria. The technique can be used to better engineer microorganisms for use in biopharmaceutical and chemical manufacturing.
- Nucleic Acids Research