Giving out vape starter kit vouchers on the NHS could help even hardened smokers quit, according to a new study from the University of East Anglia. Researchers worked with GPs and the NHS stop smoking service, which is commissioned locally by Public Health at Norfolk County Council, to set up a pilot vape shop voucher scheme to help patients who had tried and failed to quit smoking in the past. An evaluation of the scheme, funded by Norfolk County Council, showed it was a big success – with 42% of the entrenched smokers who were referred to it and redeemed their vape voucher having quit within a month.
- Nicotine & Tobacco Research
Research examining traces of parasites in medieval Cambridge residents suggests that monks were almost twice as likely as ordinary townspeople to have intestinal worms – despite monasteries of the period typically having far more sanitary facilities.
- International Journal of Paleopathology
Rachel Letteri, an assistant professor of chemical engineering at the University of Virginia, has received a $1.8 million Maximizing Investigators’ Research Award for Early-Stage Investigators from the National Institutes of Health to unlock the enormous promise of peptides as medicine.
- NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences
Stanford engineers created a more efficient and flexible AI chip, which could bring the power of AI into tiny edge devices.
Metal parts made using laser-based additive manufacturing (AM) can have residual strain resulting from rapid heating and cooling during printing. Annealing parts after printing reduces the strain but can cause unwanted structural changes. Researchers used neutron diffraction and neutron imaging to measure strain and determine optimal annealing for metal AM parts.
- Additive Manufacturing
The higher percentage of enslaved people that a U.S. county counted among its residents in 1860, the more guns its residents have in the present, according to a new analysis by researchers exploring why Americans’ feelings about guns differ so much from people around the globe.
- PNAS Nexus