Tech & Engineering
Heat waves—like the one that blistered the Pacific Northwest last June—also occur underwater. A new study in Frontiers in Marine Science paints a worrisome picture of recent and projected trends in marine heat waves within the nation’s largest estuary, with dire implications for the marine life and coastal economy of the Chesapeake Bay and other similarly impacted shallow-water ecosystems.
- Frontiers in Marine Science
Penn State has been awarded a $3.4 million contract from the REMADE Institute, a public-private partnership established by the United States Department of Energy, to fund research targeting the inefficient methods currently used to process and upcycle mixed plastic waste. The project is one of 22 projects recently funded by REMADE. The project will receive $1.7 million in federal funds with an additional $1.7 million in cost-share by the project partners.
- REMADE Institute, U.S. Department of Energy
Rice University bioscientists develop a microfluidic platform for high-throughput studies of how bacteria evolve antibiotic resistance.
- ACS Infectious Diseases
- Defense Threat Reduction Agency, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
How people acquire and use knowledge about causal relationships is the focus of a new project at the Georg Elias Müller Institute of Psychology at the University of Göttingen. The Reinhart Koselleck project on "Mechanisms, Capacities, and Dependencies: A New Theory of Causal Reasoning" has been funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG). The total funding awarded is 1.25 million euros, spread over five years.
Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University will head a consortium selected by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) to pioneer research into robotic inspection, maintenance and manufacturing of satellites and other structures while in orbit. Led by principal investigator Howie Choset, CMU will collaborate with researchers at the University of New Mexico, Texas A&M, and Northrop Grumman Corporation to develop systems for intelligent inspection, dexterous maintenance and agile manufacturing of satellites in space. AFRL and AFOSR selected the CMU-led consortium's proposal, "Breaking the 'Launch Once, Use Once' Paradigm," as part of the newly established Space University Research Initiative (SURI).
Scientists have developed a new machine learning model for the discovery of genetic risk factors for diseases such as Motor Neurone Disease (MND).