Space & Planetary
The idea that a lone snapshot of a brain can tell you about an individual’s personality or mental health has been the basis of decades of neuroscience studies. That approach was punctured by a paper in Nature earlier this year showing that scientists have massively underestimated how large such studies must be to produce reliable findings. At the center of the research is MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) brain scans. Reaching that conclusion required getting a far broader view of the field than was possible until recently. Along with colleagues at a number of institutions as well as his advisor, Pitt Professor of Psychiatry Beatriz Luna, Tervo-Clemmens combined three recent publicly available studies that together included MRI data from around 50,000 participants.
- NIH/National Institutes of Health, Andrew Mellon Predoctoral Fellowship, Lynne and Andrew Redleaf Foundation, Kiwanis Neuroscience Research Foundation, Jacobs Foundation
A new analysis from NC State University education researchers reveals best practices and challenges for online K-12 education.
- Review of Educational Research
The University of Pittsburgh is in exclusive company with a new state-of-the-art technology — the first Gefertec arc605 3D printer at any university in the U.S, thanks to funding from the Department of Energy and U.S. Army. The printer makes use of welding, melting wire made from metals like stainless steel, titanium and aluminum alloys and depositing it layer by layer. Pitt's new Gefertec arc605 is much faster than previous metal 3D printers, which used lasers and metal powder.
Seething monster star had never-before-seen titanic eruption.
- The Astrophysical Journal
A research team co-led by materials scientists from City University of Hong Kong (CityU) has recently discovered a new mechanism to increase the strength and ductility of a high-entropy alloy, two properties which normally vary inversely with each other. The findings provide important insights for the future design of strong yet ductile high-entropy alloys and high-entropy ceramics.
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Science Foundation, Army Research Office, Research Grants Council - General Research Fund
Amsterdam, August 11, 2022 – Neurophysiological techniques (e.g., electroencephalography, EEG, transcranial magnetic stimulation, TMS) allow an informed investigation of the brain overexcitability underpinning the typical difficulty of maintaining a stable level of vigilance or experiencing a regular sleep-wake cycle in patients living with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Importantly, this difficulty has a significant impact on the level of consciousness of patients, affecting patients’ ability to follow TV programs and social conversation during the daytime and preventing a deep sleep at night. As an important advantage, neurophysiological techniques can be applied in preclinical and clinical research models of the disease, its progression, and the effects of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions.
- Journal of Alzheimer s Disease