As climate change shifts precipitation patterns, irrigation can be a powerful tool for increasing the world’s food supply—feeding more than a billion additional people without converting natural spaces into farmland, according to a new study by Carnegie’s Lorenzo Rosa published in Environmental Research Letters.
- Environmental Research Letters
With the rising cost of nitrogen fertilizer and its impacts on air and water quality, University of Illinois researchers want to help farmers make more informed fertilizer rate decisions. Their latest modeling effort aims to do that by examining the role of pre-growing season weather on soil nitrogen dynamics and end-of-season corn yield.
- Field Crops Research
- National Science Foundation, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Illinois Nutrient Research and Education Council
Bayes professor and International Longevity Centre (ILC) expert praises action of smoking review which will help to reduce health inequalities and improve people’s lives.
Extensively used grassland is host to a high degree of biodiversity, and performs an important climate protection function as a carbon sink and also serves for fodder and food production. However, these ecosystem services are jeopardised if productivity on these lands is maximised and their use therefore intensified. Until now, data on the condition of the meadows and pastures in Germany have been unavailable for larger areas. In the journal Remote Sensing of Environment, researchers at the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) have now described how satellite data and machine learning methods enable to assess land-use intensity.
- Remote Sensing of Environment
A major new report by scientists warns that global mismanagement of phosphorus is causing twin crises, brought into sharp focus with fertilizer prices skyrocketing in recent months. Global food security remains threatened as many farmers struggle to afford sufficient phosphorus fertilizer for their crops. Meanwhile, overuse of fertilizers and sewage pollution pump millions of tonnes of phosphorus into lakes and rivers each year, damaging biodiversity and affecting water quality.
- United Nations Environment Programme, Natural Environment Research Council, Global Environment Facility, European Sustainable Phosphorus Platform
Sales of cigars using the “natural” descriptor are increasing, according to Rutgers researchers.
- Tobacco Control
- NIH/National Cancer Institute, Food and Drug Administration