Chemistry & Physics
Patients with a paediatric onset immune-mediated inflammatory disease (pIMID) have a significantly higher risk of premature death, according to new research being presented today at the 54th Annual Meeting of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN).
- 54th Annual Meeting of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
biodegradable nanomaterials that will take pictures and deliver medicine to combat peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Kytai Nguyen, a UT Arlington bioengineering professor, is the principal investigator in the four-year, $2.1 million National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant.
Cocrystal engineering is an ingenious strategy for assembling organic molecules through the non-covalent interaction force, avoiding harsh experimental conditions (i.e., high temperature and high pressure). By selecting the appropriate components, the donor-acceptor (D-A) molecules can be assembled like the jigsaw puzzle. Under the intermolecular interaction, such as π–π interactions, hydrogen bonds, and halogen bonds, cocrystal can not only display the intrinsic properties of its components but also show some novel properties, which can realize the “1+1>2” effect. So cocrystal strategy has the advantage in designing multifunctional materials.
- Frontiers of Optoelectronics
- National Key Research and Development Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin City
Brazilian researchers have designed a new low-cost anaerobic reactor that uses a bacterial biofilm on a sheet of polyurethane foam. The goal is to enable more wastewater treatment plants in Brazil to achieve nitrogen removal and reduce water body contamination.
- Environmental Technology
- Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo
In the largest epidemiologic study of arsenic and birth outcomes to date, researchers estimated arsenic levels in U.S. private well water sources by county and compared estimates to documented birth outcomes. They found an association between estimated groundwater arsenic concentration and risk of low birth weight.
- Environment International
- USGS John Wesley Powell Center for Analysis and Synthesis
A research team around Peter Turchin from the Complexity Science Hub Vienna (CSH) tests various theories on what drove human socio-cultural evolution in the Holocene. The scientists analyze a vast body of data from Seshat: Global History Databank. They find the best explanation to be a combination of increasing agricultural productivity and the invention, or adoption, of military technologies (most notably, the invention of iron weapons and cavalry in the first millennium BCE).
- Science Advances
- John Templeton Foundation, Economic and Social Research Council, Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, European Research Council, Institute of Economics and Peace to develop a Historical Peace Index, Institute of Economics and Peace to develop a Historical Peace Index, Office of Naval Research, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Austrian Research Promotion Agency FFG, V. Kann Rasmussen Foundation, Tricoastal Foundation