Social & Behavior
Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have identified a specific gut bacterium involved in the progression of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after antibiotic treatment of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and discovered that nutritional supplementation can prevent antibiotic-induced GVHD in preclinical models, according to a study published today in Cell.
The Plinian eruption of Mount Vesuvius around 4,000 years ago – 2,000 years before the one that buried the Roman city of Pompeii— left a remarkably intact glimpse into Early Bronze Age village life in the Campania region of Southern Italy. The village offers a rare glimpse into the lives of the people who lived there, and the degree of preservation led the researchers to pinpoint the timing of the eruption, based on archaeobotanical record.
- Journal of Archaeological Science
The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation has announced Altha J. Stewart, M.D. and Robert van Voren, FRCPsych (HON) as the winners of the 2022 Pardes Humanitarian Prize in Mental Health.
In a study of more than 80 men and women from Baltimore, Maryland, Johns Hopkins researchers have added to evidence that COVID-19 booster shots are essential for maintaining long-term immunity against infection, particularly among older adults.
- NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins Center of Excellence in Influenza Research and Response, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Irma and Paul Milstein Program for Senior Health, Milstein Medical Asian American Partnership Foundation, Howard and Abby Milstein Foundation, collective community of donors to the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the Johns Hopkins Health System, Fonds de Recherche du Quebec-Sante
The second largest federally funded research program at Indiana University School of Medicine will receive $48.8 million over the next five years, fueling the work of researchers as they seek to discover treatments for Alzheimer’s disease.
On-skin medical sensors and wearable health devices are important health care tools that must be incredibly flexible and ultrathin so they can move with the human body. In addition, the technology has to withstand bending and stretching, and it needs to be gas-permeable to prevent irritation and discomfort. Another important safety feature of these devices is the required overheat protection circuit. This prevents the devices from overheating and burning the wearer. Any new technology developed for these sensors must meet these needs. In a recent paper, researchers demonstrated how an important component of the sensors called a thermistor can be constructed using an ultrathin fiber-mesh. Thermistors are a type of resistor whose resistance significantly varies with temperature.
- Advanced Science
- Japan Science and Technology Agency, Tateisi Science and Technology Foundation, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science