Tech & Engineering
Floodlight™ software — a tool that aids in the efficient discovery of vast numbers of chemicals present in a wide variety of substances including food, air and consumer products — was developed by Southwest Research Institute and recognized by R&D World magazine as one of the 100 most significant innovations of 2021. This cheminformatics machine learning tool integrates with analytical chemistry software to provide deep analysis of two-dimensional gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCxGC-MS) and metadata.
Thanks to a $1.95 million grant from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Markos Katsoulakis and Luc Rey-Bellet, both professors in the mathematics and statistics department at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, and Paul Dupuis, of Brown University, will spend the next four years developing a new approach to machine learning that extends beyond the traditional reliance on big data.
Livestock grazing on well-managed rangelands can help secure clean water, enhance habitat, address climate change, and sustain rural communities. Ensuring the sustainability of livestock agriculture is not only vital to feeding a growing world, but it’s essential to a healthy future, which is why a research team led by The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and World Wildlife Fund (WWF) set out to help ranchers more consistently measure, manage, and communicate about the sustainability of their operations. The 20-person team produced a study detailing 20 core indicators commonly used to support ranch-level sustainability. The study, “A Synthesis of Ranch-Level Sustainability Indicators for Land Managers and to Communicate Across the U.S. Beef Supply Chain,” was recently published in Rangeland Ecology & Management.
- Rangeland Ecology & Management
Philanthropists Richard and Carol Dean Hertzberg have committed $2.1 million to develop and maintain the Dean-Hertzberg Breast Cancer Database System Initiative at UC San Diego Health Moores Cancer Center to support the work of Dr. Anne Wallace and her collaborators at Moores Cancer Center.
An international team of researchers, led by a University of Houston biomedical engineer, has uncovered that the spleen is controlled by different terminal nerves, and that the sutrode, a new electrical stimulation device, can be used to control them. The discovery marks an advance in electroceutical research for treatment of diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, colitis and sepsis.
People who are blind take pictures and videos and share them with others but face a unique challenge—they cannot independently review their pictures and videos to identify unnecessary private or sensitive content. A set of new techniques being developed by researchers at the School of Information Sciences at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and partner institutions will empower people who are blind to independently safeguard private information in their pictures and videos. The collaborative project received a four-year, $1,199,993 grant from the National Science Foundation.